Past modals exercises

Modal verb + have + past participle, the past form of modal verbs.

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Intermediate level

These exercises are specifically composed to practise the past modals: how we combine modal verbs must, could, should, might, would with the past infinitive (have + past participle) and what each verb means. If you haven’t studied English modal verbs before, we recommend to start from the modals in the present form, learn about their unique features and meanings. You will find the necessary links to the explanation and exercises in the related topics below.