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Years, dates and time in English
Years in English
To name a date we normally divide it into two parts:
1985 → 19 | 85pronouncednineteen eighty-five
1623 → 16 | 23pronouncedsixteen twenty-three
If the left part of the date has values 00-09 (like 1803), we add the word "hundred".
We don't divide the dates from 2000 to 2009 as a rule. Have a look at the table:
How we write
How we read
nine hundred (and) ninety-nine
nineteen hundred (and) one
nineteen oh-one oh means "0"
two thousand (and) one
There are several ways to write a date in English.
1) We can write the month as a word:
8 December 2020
8th December 2020
the 8th of December(,) 2020
The names of the months always begin with a capital letter.
2) We can use digits only:
In the USA, the order is not the same as in Great Britain and Europe. It is month/date/year. For examples, 04/02/2018 stands for 2 April 2018.
When we name dates, we usually use ordinal numbers. They require the definite article the. We put the preposition of before the month. And as days are used with the preposition on, we put the preposition on before the date.
Examples of saying
When is your birthday? It’s on the third of March.(3 March).
When does the event take place? On the fifteenth of October, twenty twenty-one.(15 October 2020)
How to say the time in English
How to read
1) we only say "clock" with whole hours (00 minutes) 2) we use sharp or on the dot for "exactly" at nine o'clock sharp,at nine o'clock on the dot
five past nine
past means after
quarter past nine
half past nine
quarter to ten
to means before
five to ten
In English, there is a 12-hour system (not 24-hour like we have in Europe). Hours before noon are denoted as a.m. (Latin ante meridiem). Hours from noon till midnight are p.m. (post meridiem).