What does "there is/there are" mean?
We use the construction "there is / there are" to describe that something exists, is present, is situated, is lying or standing somewhere.
Study these examples
There are five men in the room. = Five men are present in the room.
There is a cup on the table. = A cup is standing on the table.
There are a few ways to make coffee. = People know a few ways to make coffee.
There is a good Italian restaurant nearby. = A good Italian restaurant is situated nearby.
There are a lot of trees in the park. = A lot of trees grow in the park.
There is, there are — how to form
To form this construction we use the word there and the verb to be.
"To be" changes depending on the tense and singular/plural form.
"There is/are" in the present simple:
|Type of sentence||Singular||Plural|
||There is ... (= There's)
||There are ...
||There is not ... (= There isn't / There's not)
||There are not ... (= There aren't)
Examples of "there is"
There is a cat on the tree.
There's some milk in the fridge.
There isn't any news about the accident.
Is there a cash machine near here? No, there isn't.
Is there any money in your account? Yes, there's some.
Examples of "there are"
There are twelve months in a year.
There are a lot of sales in January.
There aren't any skyscrapers in this city.
There aren't any fresh T-shirts in the wardrobe.
Are there any roses in your garden?
How many cars are there in his garage?
There is/there are and quantifiers
We usually add an indication of quantity to "there is / there are":
a lot of, many
"Any" is used in negatives and questions with uncountable and plural nouns:
There isn't any tea in the teapot.
Are there any ideas?
There aren't any hotels in this district.