Article with proper names
The and zero article with proper names
|People's names||a whole family, a couple
the Addams (= the Addams family)
William Shakespear, Bono, Kennedy
|name with title
Mrs Smith, Doctor Martin,
Captain Cook, Queen Victoria
|Cities and streets||two words and the first word is an adjective
the Red Square
|cities, towns, streets, parks, squares etc.
Cairo, Oxford Street, Hyde Park, Soho, Piccadilly Circus
|Countries||name contains Republic, Kingdom
the United Kingdom, the Czech Republic
|most the countries
Denmark, India, Canada
the United States, the Philippines, the Netherlands
||many public buildings, museums, theatres etc.
the Ritz, the British Museum, the Eiffel Tower
|two words and the first word is a name
Buckingham Palace, Heathrow Airport
|name contains "of"
the Tower of London, the Bank of England
|two words and the first word is an adjective
the White House, the Royal Palace
the Daily Telegraph, the Washington Post
Coca-Cola, Apple, BMW
|named after a person, has 's or s at the end
McDonald's, Barclays, Selfridges
|Islands||group of islands
the Canary Islands, the Faroe Islands
the Andes, the Alps
Mount Everest, Mount Fuji
|Water||oceans, seas, rivers, canals, bays etc.
the Pacific Ocean, the Red Sea, the Rhine,
the English Channel
Lake Geneva, Lake Michigan
the Sahara Desert
Africa, North America, Asia
To make it easier to learn, memorize three rules when we should put "the":
1) the name is plural
2) the name contains "of"
3) the name begins with an adjective (red, white, royal etc.)
How can we explain "the" before adjectives in proper names? If we don't put "the" in the white house, it becomes any white house and not the official residence of the US President.
The President has left the White House.
I can see a white house on the top of the hill.
These are only some basic rules that we can apply to proper names. However, they don't cover everything. There are exceptions and specific cases. It is always better to look up a proper name if you are not sure about the article, especially if it's a company, a make, a magazine, or a shop.