Past simple positive (all verbs)
We add -ed to the end of the verb to form the past simple:
watch → watched
start → started
end → ended
Mind the spelling!
If the verb ends with a consonant + -y, then "y" changes to "i" when we add -ed at the end:
study → studied
try → tried
copy → copied
But if it is vowel + -y, we simply add -ed.
play → played
destroy → destroyed
If the verb has one vowel and ends in a consonant, then this consonant doubles when we add -ed ending. Otherwise, we wouldn't keep the pronunciation:
stop → stopped
plan → planned
Unfortunately, we can't always apply the rule with -ed ending. In English, there is a special group of verbs — the irregular verbs. They have their unique past forms. You must gradually learn and remember them. For the past simple tense, we use the second form.
Here is the list of the most common irregular verbs:
|Infinitive||Past Simple||Past Participle|
Yesterday we had breakfast and then went for a walk.
Henry took his coat, said goodbye and left.
Miranda wrote an email and sent it to the business partner.