Adjectives ending in -ed and -ing
In English, there are pairs of adjectives that are easily confused. They are derived from the same verb but the first one ends in -ing while the second one ends in -ed.
The webinar was so boring that I couldn't watch it.
I'm bored. Let's go out somewhere.
To choose the correct ending in each situation, we should follow this simple rule:
-ed — how we feel
-ing — how something makes us feel
The adjectives ending in -ed tell us how a person feels.
I am annoyed. = I feel annoyance
I am excited. = I feel excitement
The adjectives ending in -ing describe what emotion the object or the situation causes.
The clock ticking is annoying. = makes me feel annoyed
The news is exciting. = makes me feel excited
There are a lot of such word pairs and they all describe various emotions.
The list of adjectives in -ed and -ing