We use the present continuous (or the present progressive) tense when we speak about something happening now, at the moment of speaking.
We form the present continuous with the auxiliary verb "to be" (am/is/are) and the main verb plus -ing ending:
am/is/are + doing / reading / looking / standing etc.
|Pronoun||Auxiliary verb||Main verb|
||infinitive + -ing
I am sleeping.
You are reading.
He is writing.
She is speaking.
We are going home.
They are working.
Spell verbs with -ing correctly!
- If the verb has one syllable and ends in a vowel + a consonant, then the last consonant doubles when we add -ing. Otherwise, the pronunciation will change.
swim → swimming
run → running
- If the verb ends in a vowel + a consonant but has more than one syllable, then look which syllable is stressed. If it is the final syllable, we must double the consonant.
prefer → preferring
begin → beginning
- If the verb ends in -l, then -l doubles. It does not matter which syllable is stressed.
travel → travelling
cancel → cancelling
- If the verb ends in -e, the letter "e" disappears when we add -ing.
come → coming
take → taking
- If the verb ends in -ie, the letters "ie" change to "-ying" when we add -ing.
lie → lying
die → dying