Sometimes we want to compare the objects by their properties.
Study these examples
Edinburgh is a large city, but London is larger. In fact, London is the largest city in Europe.
Those shoes are comfortable. These shoes are even more comfortable. But my old shoes are the most comfortable.
Alan has a good score. But Maria's score is better. Scott has the best score.
To compare adjectives, we put them into the comparative or superlative forms. There are two ways to build these forms:
- by adding the suffixes -er, -est at the end of the adjective
- by adding the words more, most before the adjective without changing it
|Type of adjective||Basic||Comparative||Superlative|
Short one-syllable adjectives
end in -y
Adjectives ending in -y change to -ier and -iest
2 and more syllables
Add "more" and most "before" the adjective,
the adjective doesn’t change
||the most careful
||the most expensive
||the most interesting
Remember these words!
Big → bigger, mind the spelling!
In short words with a vowel between two consonants, we must double the last consonant. Otherwise, we won't keep the pronunciation.
big → bigger → the biggest
sad → sadder → the saddest
hot → hotter → the hottest
The + superlative
Adjectives in the superlative form need the definite article "the".
It was the happiest day of my life.
It is the most expensive laptop on the market.
Than, (not) as … as
We use the word "than" to compare two objects.
The old model was good, but the new one is better. The new model is better than the old one.
The USA is larger than Mexico.
(Not) as...as means that the objects are (not) equal when we compare them by a certain property.
The first season of the series is popular, and the second one is popular, too. The second season of the series is as popular as the first one.
My solution is not as good as yours. Your solution is better.